Malaria was a major public health problem in Tanzania during the ACTwatch project period. Annual malaria deaths in Tanzania were estimated to be 60,000, with 80 percent of these deaths among children under five years of age. Approximately 14 to 18 million clinical malaria cases were reported annually by public health services, and more than 40 percent of all outpatient visits were attributed to malaria.

PSI conducted two rounds of outlet surveys in Zanzibar in 2010 and 2011 as part of the Independent Evaluation of the AMFm through support from the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria. PSI also supported work during this same period for mainland Tanzania, which was conducted by the Ifakara Health Institute.

Tanzania joined the roster of ACTwatch countries in 2013. The first ACTwatch-funded outlet survey was conducted in 2014 and a follow-up survey was conducted in 2016. Results from all surveys and research are available at the Results & publications page.

A survey underway in Zanzibar